Research


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Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-10-15 - 2020-10-14

Following the process of democratization, which began in 2011, the tertiary education sector of Myanmar has been undergoing rapid development. After years of isolationism, both the previous government of U Thein Sein has started to promote international collaboration and student/staff exchanges a process, which under the current government of Daw Aung San Suu Kyi has been intensified with specific policies of improvement and modernization of the My-anmar educational system at all levels. Reforms in Higher Education of Myanmar is one focus of the current government. At the same time, the Ministry of Education has initiated a process of autonomy for many of Myanmar’s universities allowing them increased scope to develop their own curricula; manage their staff; build strategic alliances with foreign academic institutions, and raise externally sourced funds for teaching, research and training. The reform process to gain autonomy, as most European HEIs already have, supposedly is finished by early 2017. Therefore, in this period of academic flux, it is a most timely opportunity to promote capacity building in Myanmar’s education sector and introduce the senior administrators, as well as academic staff and postgraduate students, to new, innovative ideas concerning 21st century learning. This is without doubt a priority since years of isolation and ongoing limited funding has left the university sector ill-equipped to face the challenges of preparing a new generation of Myanmar students to compete in today’s fast-moving world. Myanmar’s society will become ever more dependent on the enhanced skills of its educated citizens to help meet edu-cational, environmental, social and economic challenges. This particular project focuses on the ‘Biodiversity Sciences’ (broad definition, including all aspects, particularly environmental protection) since the rapid, and often unmanaged, develo-pment experienced in Myanmar since 2011 is already impacting negatively on the
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-01-01 - 2019-06-30

BINATS 2 (BIodiversity–NATure–Safety) aims at a further survey of plant and animal diversity in the Austrian agrarian regions (fields and accompanying structures). On altogether 100 test areas which were implemented in BINATS 1, biodiversity was recorded using the indicators habitat structure, vascular plants, grasshoppers, and butterflies in 2007 (50 test areas in maize cultivation areas) and in 2008 (50 in OSR cultivation areas). A monitoring method was developed in charge of the applicant and her at that time collaborating project team (PASCHER et al. 2009a; 2010a,b; 2011a) and implemented. Now, after a period of ten years biodiversity survey should be repeated in 2017 (maize areas) and 2018 (OSR areas). In contrast to the data set of BINATS 1 which enabled a snapshot of species inventory of plants and selected animal groups, BINATS 2 additionally is able to detect and measure biodiversity trends due to the updated data set. Moreover, wild bees are incorporated into the BINATS monitoring design as an additional indicator. Survey of all indicators is carried out following the methodology described in the BINATS filed guide of PASCHER et al. 2009a & 2010b: Module 1: Habitat structures: singular survey Module 2: Vascular plants: two times survey: spring aspect and late summer aspect Module 3: Grasshoppers: singular survey Module 4: Butterflies: singular survey Module 5: Wild bees: incorporation into the BINATS monitoring design: singular survey of all 100 BINATS test areas in spring; additional triple survey of 30 hot spots of the 100 BINATS test areas during the summer Module 6: Data analyses: -Changes in habitat structures -Changes in species number and abundance of BINATS 1 indicators -Biodiversity trends in the Austrian agrarian regions -For the first time a description of the situation of wild bees in the Austrian agrarian region (regional occurrence, species diversity, abundance) -Pointing out habitat structures which are relevant for the wild bee fauna in agrarian regions and their occurrence in different agricultural land use systems -Survey of the occurrence of neophytes and changes in their abundance within a period of ten years (e.g. Ambrosia artemisiifolia) -Calculation of “extinction debt” and development of measures to save declining species in agrarian regions -BINATS 2 provides the basis for a potential detection of specific effects of genetically modified organisms (GMO) because general agrarian trends over several years are documented for the first time -Identification of ecologically sensible areas in connection with GMO in agrarian regions -Documentation of land use change -Environmental trends -Climate change determined with species occurrence considering average annual (monthly) temperatures and precipitations -Visualising effects of the already finished ÖPUL-programs -If already traceable, success control of single selected measures of the recently implemented Agrar‐Umweltförderprogramm
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2015-11-30 - 2016-12-31

Contract research for UNESCO and the Ministry of Environmental Conservation and Forestry in Myanmar for the nomination of the Northern Mountain Forest Complexes (NMFC) as a World Natural Hertiage Site (IUCN) support. To this end, new data is collected, analyzed and published in several research expeditions to Hkakaboprazi and Hponkanrazi NP / WS. The expedition will be added to encounter an international team of researchers.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations