Research


Latest SCI publications

Latest Projects

Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2017-01-01 - 2019-12-31

The pollen of ragweed are known to be particularly aggressive allergens and cause a tremendous economic loss each year. Whereas Hungary has already been affected for a long time and thereby successfully established control measures both in organizational and legal terms, the plant has in Austria increasingly spread only in the last years. Since the spread takes place via Eastern neighboring countries, the province of Burgenland is particularly strongly affected. However, on the Austrian side exists at the moment neither a regulated procedure for detection and control of ragweed, nor any collaboration with Hungarian authorities. This imbalance of capacity for action of administrative systems constitutes a major challenge for the border region. As ragweed does not stop at the border, this problem can only be combated by acting together. The project has set the objective of establishing a sustainable institutional cooperation on the issue of ragweed control between the Austrian and Hungarian administrative systems and research institutions. This enables a know-how transfer that benefits both sides and improves the quality of public service and thereby also life quality of the population. In the framework of the survey and research, fundamental data will be collected (main output 1: cross-border cooperation of universities in the frame of the research activities) on the basis of which coordinated recommendations can be made in order to control and to prevent the spread. A cross-border data exchange is first made possible by establishing a common ragweed reporting system. The establishment of a bilateral ragweed task force with experts of both countries lays the foundations for a long-lasting institutional cooperation (main output 2: sustainable cross-border cooperation of administrative bodies).
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2016-11-01 - 2017-08-31

Growth and development of plants depend on the spectral composition and the intensity of the available light. To minimize energy costs and optimize the growth and quality of plants, the light intensity and color is essential in artificial lighting systems. As a rule, in both commercial and scientific applications, the light intensity should be homogeneous and of a controlled spectral composition. Light-emitting diodes (LEDs) offer a flexible approach to high-intensity light sources allowing for a well-regulated spectral composition, and are increasingly used in commercial crop production. The strongly focused light beam in many LED arrangements maximizes the radiation transmission to plants, but can lead to a very heterogeneous light. Although a greater distance between the light source and the plants can partially solve the problem, this also results in wasted light energy that does not benefit the plants. Therefore, it seems obvious to use optical measures such as lenses or reflecting surfaces to achieve uniform light. This project is designed to analyze the potential for the use of innovative lighting optimization solutions in the stimulation of plant growth. The aim of the project is to investigate the use of optical light-steering films to optimize the use of light by plants under artificial lighting.
Research project (§ 26 & § 27)
Duration : 2016-03-14 - 2021-03-13

Starting in 2016, an area of 14.6 ha will be reforested with the involvement of the local community in Costa Rica. A substantial number of native tree species will be planted, and the growing new rainforest will act as a carbon sink. We estimate that 4400 tons of CO2 will be sequestered by the aboveground and belowground biomass. The growing forest will additionally become part of a biological corridor, enabling plants and animals to migrate between the lowland and the montane forests. Training local stakeholders should ensure that the project is supported by the community and increase understanding and appreciation of conservation.

Supervised Theses and Dissertations